Vol 1, No 7 (2017)



Mazyrin V.M.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):11-21
pages 11-21 views

Vietnam studies in Russia from 1991 up to date

Polykov A.B.


The article deals with modern - the post-Soviet stage in the development of Russian Oriental studies and explores objective reasons for its occurrence. It presents the main Russian centers occupied with educating of Vietnamese speaking people (Institute of Asia and African studies of Moscow state University, the universities of Saint-Petersburg and Vladivostok) and Vietnam studies in the institutes of RAS (for Far East, Oriental studies, philosophy, linguistics, etc.). The author outlines (bibliography submitted in the end) some notable publications in the Russian Federation for the period 1994-2016, notes prominent titles translated into Vietnamese and published in Flanoi. Among scientific proceedings in Russian he highlights the most comprehensive one, namely «The Complete academic history of Vietnam» in six volumes.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):22-32
pages 22-32 views

New theoretical approaches in documents of the XII Congress of the Communist party of Vietnam

Hoang C.B.


The paper attempts to substantiate the theoretical innovation of the XII Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV), which the author refers to as the rise of party's «theoretical awareness». He overviews the progress in implementation of the XI Congress resolutions, explores the deficiencies and limitations in this process, analyzes their causes, particularly subjective. The overwiew of two main reports of the CPV Central Committee presented at the XII Congress allows to draw up characteristics of the current situation and new objectives, to outline urgent measures aiming at country's further development. These guidelines and their theoretical understanding by the Party Congress are addressed in key realms of society - economy, politics, culture and others.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):33-56
pages 33-56 views

The ideology of Ho Chi Minh - the spiritual foundation of the modem political governance in Vietnam

Kolotov V.N.


The paper examines the spiritual heritage of Ho Chi Minh as the basis for the formation of modern ideological system of Vietnam. It combines the most effective Eastern and Western technologies of struggle against Western colonialism. Since the early 1990's this belief system became known as the ideology of Ho Chi Minh. The author proves that it helped to restore self-reproducing national state power in Vietnam. The ideology of Ho Chi Minh is considered as a key ingredient of Vietnam's victory in the Indochina wars, successful economic reforms in the late XX - early XXI centuries, allowing to defend firmly national interests. Key political slogans of this ideology, as well as examples of Western counter-propaganda are presented.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):57-68
pages 57-68 views

The main factors that hinder the renewal process in Vietnam

Do M.C.


The article analyses three main factors that restrained process of the renovation in Vietnam over the past 30 years. First of them is the remnants of the past in the governance of the country. The rise of the country was carried out extensively, relying on the exploitation of natural resources, intensification of use of labour force, overwhelming of foreign direct investment (FDI) while basing on weak productivity and low efficiency of investment. Secondly, it is extraordinary dependence on China both in theory and ideology, and especially in the economy. Third, the implementation of all projects of socio-economic development was constrained by the need to protect sovereignty, security of whole country and especially of islands in the South China sea.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):69-86
pages 69-86 views

Myths and reality of Soviet influence on Vietnam (Discussion with Australian scholar on the origins of «Doi Moi» policy)

Mazyrin V.M.


The paper presents main issues of discussions with famous Australian scholar on Vietnam Adam Fforde concerning the USSR/Russia impact on Communist party of Vietnam policy before and after the unification of the country and the myths on this subject widespread in the West. The analysis revealed the misunderstanding and intentional falsification by part of Western scholars and politicians of the real nature of Soviet-Vietnam relations and decision+making mechanisms in the CPV. The dialog partners made a conclusion about high reliance of internal and external policy of Vietnam leadership, though differed while assessing the degree of its independence and the origins of renovation phenomenon. Identifying a number of factors that determined the policy of «Doi Moi» and, above all, the transition to a market economy, the authors examine internal causes and external influences. Due to the first group they specify some movements on the ground aiming at the development of private initiative and entrepreneurship in 1970-80's, and the need to overcome the crisis of administrative+command system, the second groupe containes the features of Soviet economic assistance to the DRV and the SR of Vietnam.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):87-108
pages 87-108 views

Current changes in international political situation and their impact on Vietnam

Vu T.T.


The article overviews changes in international political situation and their reasons: global financial crisis, geopolitical conflicts, fierce competition between the great powers, instability in some regions. The author dwells on security issues, including non-traditional, such as climate change, energy and food problems, international terrorism, transnational crime, etc. He defines the impact of these changes on Vietnam's policy and renovation process. Conclusion says that effective participation of Vietnam in different forums of the region and the world, activeness in solving regional and global problems has resulted in improvement of Vietnam's image in the eyes of foreign friends.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):109-126
pages 109-126 views

Foreign policy as a catalyst for the renovation (DoiMoi)

Kobelev E.V.


The paper highlights a fundamental change in the conceptual approach of Vietnamese leadership to the relationship between economy and politics as one of the basic factors for the decision on transition to «Doi moi» policy by the CPV VI National Congress (1986). On the threshold of XXI century the struggle for development and economic progress became the foundation not only of material prosperity, but also of comprehensive national security. In these circumstances, under the Doi Moi policy Hanoi adopted fundamentally new foreign policy, which has enabled to radically change the international image of Vietnam and thus to ensure the most favorable outward conditions for strong economic growth.The new foreign policy was based on the formula of VI Congress of the CPV, namely to conduct independent multi+vector foreign policy; diversify external relations, actively participate in international integration; to be a trustworthy friend and partner of international community.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):127-141
pages 127-141 views

International court of arbitration in Hague: decisions and significance

Lokshin G.M.


During all 30 years of the «Doi moi» (renovation) policy territorial dispute in the South China Sea (SCS) was the main challenge to security and development of Vietnam. It has a very strong impact not only on the keeping of peaceful external environment, sovereignty and territorial integrity but also on the stability of political regime which always was a great preference of Vietnam. The 12 July 2016 the Arbitration court in Haag adopted award in the suite of Philippine against China but the later from the beginning did not recognized its competence and refused from any cooperation with the court. Nevertheless the Award unanimously adopted by the authoritative international tribunal has a great implication not only to the interests of the Philippine but to Vietnam as well, together with other claimants of sovereign rights in SCS. It has a great importance for the strengthen the law regime and future resolution of disputes in the region. It is not by hazard the award produced a large discussion in the world scientific community. The aim of the author was also to give an attentive appreciation of the significance of this legal document, to present its content and reaction to it from the most interested parties, as well as its possible implications for the prospects of peace solution of the disputes in SCS.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):142-160
pages 142-160 views

Current trends in Russian-Vietnamese trade: constraints and potential for growth

Golikov M.Y.


Russia and Vietnam have a unique historical experience of cooperation, which largely formed the preconditions for «renovation» policy in Vietnam. The configuration of bilateral partnership has been transformed. Cooperation framework is based on the objective capabilities of the two countries, which are determined by the situation on the global market, the national structure of production and profitability criteria. The current model of relations is quite sustainable. The patronage of the state is fundamentally important. At the same time, there are no sufficient grounds to expect a recovery of Russia's position as Vietnams' global trading partner. At the same time modified Vietnams' position in regional economy contains the potential to create a sustainable model of cooperation with Russia.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):161-183
pages 161-183 views

Policy destinations for attracting foreign capital into Vietnam

Aksyenova E.M.


The article provides an overview and an analysis of Vietnam FDI attraction policy. The author determines that today Vietnam mainly uses a targeted investment strategy with elements of improvisation policy. Special attention is paid to fiscal incentives to attract FDI, to the analysis of the effectiveness of «super incentives», of special economic zones. Decentralization is determined as Vietnam's investment policy feature, its advantages and disadvantages are studied. Review of the research in this area allows the author to draw conclusions about the key aspects that attract foreign investors to Vietnam and how the investment policy corresponds with goals and objectives of the country's national development.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):184-203
pages 184-203 views

The migration plans of the Vietnamese youth in the context of the Russian policy of attracting educational migrants

Ryazantsev S.V., Pismennay E.E.


The paper presents the results of a joint study by the ISPR and Vietnamese colleagues identifying Vietnamese youth facilities to study abroad, including Russian universities. The authors identified that educational migration is directed to the countries implementing an active policy to attract potential students from Vietnam. Russia is not among them and loses out the competition to other states. Russian policy in this area is characterized as inadequate. The authors analyses national youth development strategy in Vietnam during 2011-2020 too. Basing on these assessments they concludes that Russia has the necessary conditions to attract Vietnamese students and have to develop a new external migration policy.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):204-211
pages 204-211 views

Higher education in Vietnam: forms of internationalization

Sokolov A.A.


The article reveals the peculiarities and forms of the intarnationalization process in educational realm of Vietnam, including the training of Vietnamese students abroad. It discovers the number and dynamics, the motives of the departure of students to other countries, the priorities of choice the countries for education, popular specialties in modern Vietnamese. The development of joint programmes and the import of foreign programmes are specified together with characteristics of foreign universities working in Vietnam. Special attention is paid to the cooperation with USA in higher education and to its results. The author identifies the negative aspects of the latent tendencies, asks about the consequences of the studied process.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):212-224
pages 212-224 views

The main aspects of Vietnamese cities development

Larin V.P.


The author reveals the image of modern Vietnamese cities in the context of renovation processes and an increasing rate of urbanization. He presents the main features of Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh city and Hue, including their demographic characteristics, trends in external appearance changes and development of infrastructure. The issues of maintaining the cities public order, preservation of cultural and historical heritage, implementation of fire and flood safety, protection of the environment are briefly covered too. Growth of population of Vietnam's capital is evaluated as a factor that allowed it to enter the group of the largest cities in the world.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):225-242
pages 225-242 views

Vietnam Family after 30 Years of renovation policy

Nguyen H.M.


After nearly 30 years of Renovation, along with the positive socio-economic development, Vietnam family life also has significantly changed that more issues need to get attention. The article focuses on analyzing the achievements of family activities, limitations of perception as well as gaps and causes in the current situation. Based on results gained, the article presents some key issues in planning policies for a prosperous, progressive and happy Vietnam family.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):243-256
pages 243-256 views

Causes of failure of the Vietnamese-American talks on the settlement of relations in the second half of the 1970's

Pietrasiak M.


An answer to a question what disturbed to establish diplomatic relations between Vietnam and the United States in years 70 of the 20th century is an essential purpose of the article. These two states wasted the possibility of regulating bilateral relations. The American community wanted to end conflict with Vietnam. President Carter also aspired to it, but differences of opinion between Zbigniew Brzezinski and Cyrus Vance made achievement of this objective impossible, all the more, that both for politics thought that relations with China were more important. Relationships USA-Vietnam were considered not individually, but in the wider international context. Vietnam also made a few mistakes: he wasn't able to improve relationships with China, to solve of problem of Cambodia, to establish relations with ASEAN. Leading armies into Cambodia was the biggest mistake in this period. The politics of Vietnam was not very flexible too. In years 80 Vietnam again tried to create more easy terms for conversations and didn't raise the demand of war compensations strong. However a turning point of this situation was a political reforms called doi moi. Reorientaition of the foreign policy which was supposed to serve reforms, the pragmatism and the flexibility. The leading out Vietnam's armies from Cambodia opened the door for establishing diplomatic relations.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):257-274
pages 257-274 views

The revival of national traditions in Vietnam during the renovation period

Novakova O.V.


The author analyzes the processes in Vietnamese theoretical thought regarding the stability of political system. She reveals core features of the renovation policy in this realm beginig from the VI-th untill latest XII-th CPV's congress. The paper dwells upon the influence of Chinese reforms on the situation in Vietnam and stresses national specific of the Vietnamese. The hypothesis discovers current bias of the CPV towards national traditions and origines of the course aiming at socialism with Vietnamese specific. The restoration of moralistic Confucian culture provisions is considered as an appeal to the spiritual heritage and traditional mentality. The author concludes that it is Vietnam's leaders' answer to global challenges, namely a danger to loss the national identity.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):275-293
pages 275-293 views

What kind of education did Nguyen Truong To received?

Sobolewski L.M.


In the scholarly literature there has been a widespread opinion that Nguyen Truong To was a man of exceptionally broad knowledge in the area of Western learning. According to many authors, when he was young he received a thorough education in Western sciences from the French missionaries, which allegedly started in 1848. In this paper the author tries to prove that the above-mentioned opinion lacks any base in the available sources. On the contrary, the sources warrant the conclusion that in fact, Nguyen Truong To received principally the classical Confucian education, and that the missionaries just taught him for a short time and only on the common level. This circumstance allows to have doubts about the claim that he really was highly knowledgeable in the Western learning.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):294-313
pages 294-313 views

Detective prose of The Tu

Filimonova T.N.


The Doi moi policy proclaimed by the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1986 was followed by great changes both in Vietnamese literature and in literary criticism. Revaluation of Vietnamese literature of the colonial period, i.e. before 1945, as the result of this policy stimulated returning of a number of names and titles 'forgotten' fully or partly due to political and ideological reasons and attracted researchers' interest to them. Detective prose appeared in Vietnam under the western literature influence is among them. The paper deals with literary titels by The Lu (1907-1987) as one of Vietnamese detective writers.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):314-328
pages 314-328 views

The religious policy of the state and Communist party of Vietnam under renovation

Nguyen H.D.


Abstract: The paper discovers process of revision of religious views and policies realized by the Communist Party and State of Vietnam during past 25 years (1990-2015). The author accepts that due to historical conditions some State and Communist Party guidelines and policies towards religion revealed shortcomings before Renovation period (1986). This period is considered as breakthrough in the «rediscovery of religion» when the Party admitted that «religious morality is much consistent with the building of new society». The paper studies CPV innovative approach towards some peculiar religions such as Protestant, Muslim, and Khmer Theravada Buddhism. Based on his study results, the author reviews achievements and lessons of this process in religious realm.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):329-347
pages 329-347 views

Comment of Novakova O.V. on the article of Nguyen Hong Duong

Novakova O.V.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):348-355
pages 348-355 views

The viets cult of worship of the Holy Mother

Tu T.L.


Автор рассматривает малоизученный феномен вьетнамской культурно-религиозной жизни - Культ Матери трех сфер (впоследствии четырех сфер) - неба, земли, воды, гор - как особое проявление поклонения Святой матери, которое несет в себе местные традиции вьетского населения дельты Красной реки на Севере Вьетнама. Представлены основные молельные храмы этого верования и содержание своеобычных и разнообразных ритуальных действий и обрядов, совершаемых служителями храмов, особенно ритуалы общения с духами и святыми. Автор делает вывод, что поклонение Матери трех сфер и тетырех сфер - это древнее автохтонное верование вьетов, которое демонстрирует необоримую силу и в условиях современной жизни Вьетнама. Благодаря его культурной ценности, духовности и жизненной силе, это верование распространилось на другие районы страны и даже вышло за ее пределы. В 2016 г. Культ Матери трех сфер зарегистрирован в ЮНЕСКО как нематериальное культурное наследие человечества.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):356-371
pages 356-371 views

Unique ethnographic Museum of small nations Tainguen plateau in Dalat

Sokolovsky A.Y.


The article presents private ethnographic collection of the plateau Tay Nguyen minorities, which was gathered more than 30 years by the resident of Dalat city Mr. Dang Minh Tam (Lam Dong province).
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):372-386
pages 372-386 views

Joint Russian-Vietnamese studies ofland ecosystems of Vietnam

Bobrov V.V.


The author overviews joint studies conducted by Russian-Vietnamese scholars of terrestrial ecosystems in Vietnam since the late 1950s. Particular attention is paid to the activities of the Vietnamese-Russian Tropical Center established in 1987. The main results achieved during many years of fruitful cooperation between Russian and Vietnamese scientists are discussed.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):387-407
pages 387-407 views

Dedicated to the memory of Pavel Vladimirovich Pozner

Polyakov A.B.
The Russian Journal of Vietnamese Studies. 2017;1(7):408-410
pages 408-410 views

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